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THIRD QUARTER MODULE 6: Evidence of Evolution

Quiz by Loisa Tolentino

Grade 10
Science
Philippines Curriculum: Grades K-10 (MELC)

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Measures 1 skill from
Grade 10
Science
Philippines Curriculum: Grades K-10 (MELC)

S10LT-IIIf-39

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10 questions
Show answers
  • Q1

    The most important finding from the fossil record which supports the theory of evolution is

    That life evolved in the ocean.

    That life has evolved.

    That most species are extinct.

    That ancient species differed from those alive today.

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  • Q2

    Bird wings and insect wings are considered to be

    Vestigial structures.

    Homogenous structures.

    Analogous structures.

    Homologous structures.

    30s
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  • Q3

    The wing of the bat and the forelimb of the dog are said to be homologous structures. This indicates that

    Bats evolved from a lineage of dogs

    The limb bones of each are anatomically identical

    They are structures that are similar due to common ancestry

    They have the same function

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  • Q4

    Some organisms that share a common ancestor have features that have different functions, but similar structures. These are known as

    Vestigial structures

    Fossil structures

    Homologous structures

    Analogous structures

    30s
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  • Q5

    Scientists think that dolphins and whales may have evolved from a common ancestor. What evidence supports this hypothesis?

    They eat the same food.

    They live in the same area of the ocean.

    They swim the same way.

    They have similar anatomies.

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  • Q6

    If a scientist were to find 4 fossils that appear to be of the same ancestor, what can be concluded?

    Number of each fossil is similar.

    Members of the group living today live together.

    Fossils have similar characteristics.

    Fossils were found in the same rock layer.

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  • Q7

    The diagram shows fossils in different rock layers. Which of these statements about the age of these fossils are most likely correct?

    Question Image

    Fossil A and C are the same age

    Fossils A is older than fossil B

    Fossil D is older than fossil C

    Fossil B is older than fossil C

    30s
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  • Q8

    Which of the primates is most distantly related to a human?

                        Human – Chimpanzee 1.7

                        Human – Gorilla 1.8

                        Human – Orangutan 3.3

                        Human – Gibbon 4.3

                        Human – Rhesus monkey (Old world monkey) 7.0

                        Human – Spider monkey (New world monkey) 10.8

                        Human - Tarsier 24.6 

    Spider monkey

    Tarsier

    Chimpanzee

    Rhesus monkey

    30s
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  • Q9

    Which of the primates is most distantly related to a human?

                        Human – Chimpanzee 1.7

                        Human – Gorilla 1.8

                        Human – Orangutan 3.3

                        Human – Gibbon 4.3

                        Human – Rhesus monkey (Old world monkey) 7.0

                        Human – Spider monkey (New world monkey) 10.8

                        Human - Tarsier 24.6 

    Tarsier

    Orangutan

    Gorilla

    Chimpanzee

    30s
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  • Q10

    The diagram illustrates the embryonic stage of two organisms. Which of the following can be determined by observing the embryos shown in the diagram?

    Question Image

    The organisms share a common ancestry.

    The organisms will grow into anatomically similar Adults.

    The organisms belong to the same genus.

    The organisms are native to the same geographic areas. 

    30s
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