Topic: 8.7-8.10 Earth and Space (2)

Quiz by Texas Education Agency

Science (2017)
Texas Essential Knowledge and Skills (TEKS)

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### Measures 8 skills fromGrade 8Science (2017)Texas Essential Knowledge and Skills (TEKS)

8.7a
8.9b
8.7b
8.10c
8.8a
8.9a
8.9c
8.8b

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28 questions
• Q1
Students in a science class in Marfa, Texas, made a poster with a diagram to represent a seasonal change in the Northern Hemisphere. Which statement best describes conditions for Earth at Position 1 in the diagram?
There are an equal number of hours of daylight and nighttime in the Northern Hemisphere, and the North Pole is tilted away from the sun.
The Northern Hemisphere has the fewest hours of daylight, and the North Pole is tilted away from the sun.
There are an equal number of hours of daylight and nighttime in the Northern Hemisphere because Earth’s axis is not tilted in this position.
The Northern Hemisphere has the fewest hours of daylight, and Earth’s axis does not tilt at this position.
60s
8.7a
• Q2
The map shows some of Earth’s plate tectonic boundaries. Based on the map, volcanic activity would most likely be found at —
Location X
Location W
Location Y
Location Z
60s
8.9b
• Q3
Two friends want to go for a night hike when there is a full moon in July. If there is a third-quarter moon on July 2, what is the approximate date of the next full moon?
July 9
July 30
July 16
July 23
60s
8.7b
• Q4
In 2011, Typhoon Nesat struck the Philippines and caused widespread flooding. After hitting the Philippines, Typhoon Nesat was predicted to hit the large city of Hanoi, Vietnam. If Typhoon Nesat had continued along the same path, which development would most likely have reduced its strength before it hit Hanoi?
Warm water moving into the sea east of Hanoi
The formation of a low-pressure area south of Bangkok
The formation of a high-pressure area south of Bangkok
Cool water moving into the sea east of Hanoi
60s
8.10c
• Q5
Barnard’s Star is about 5.9 light-years from the sun. The star has an approximate temperature of 2,800 K. Based on the diagram, what spectral class does Barnard’s Star belong to?
Spectral class O
Spectral class B
Spectral class M
Spectral class A
60s
8.8a
• Q6
A Hertzsprung-Russell diagram is shown below. Based on this diagram, which type of stars would belong to spectral class M and have the highest luminosity?
Supergiants
Main-sequence stars
White dwarfs
Giants
60s
8.8a
• Q7
Scientists recently discovered that rocks collected from the Franklin Mountains in West Texas and rocks collected from mountains in eastern Antarctica were exactly the same age. Further research showed that the rocks were chemically and geologically the same and came from the same magma source. This discovery provides evidence of —
glacial melting
ocean currents
coastal erosion
plate tectonics
60s
8.9a
• Q8
The satellite image below shows a ship channel between South Padre Island and Boca Chica beach in South Texas. Sand is sometimes removed from the ship channel through a process called dredging to make it easier for ships to travel through. Recently sand from the bottom of the channel was moved to area beaches. Without this transfer of sand, what would most likely occur in this area in the future?
The ship channel would become narrower, and the island would become completely covered with water.
The ship channel would become wider, and the island would sink into the Gulf of Mexico.
The ship channel would become shallower, and the beach would become narrower.
The ship channel would become deeper, and the island would move west toward the mainland.
60s
8.9c
• Q9
A student draws the model shown below. Which of these best compares the conditions at Location X and Location Y?
There are more hours of daylight at Location X than at Location Y.
The moon is brighter when viewed from Location X than when viewed from Location Y.
It is winter at Location X and summer at Location Y.
It is day at Location X and night at Location Y.
60s
8.7a
• Q10
Some students used records from the U.S. Naval Observatory to make the table below of the percent of the moon that was visible on each night in January 2011. Based on these data, what part of the lunar cycle occurred between January 5 and January 7?
Full moon
Waning crescent moon
Waxing crescent moon
New moon
60s
8.7b
• Q11
The diagram below shows a model of the movement of two tectonic plates. When the plates collide, one plate often moves below the other plate. The rising magma that can result from this type of plate movement may produce —
fossil layers
deep-sea sediment
volcanic islands
60s
8.9b
• Q12
The diagram below shows four positions in Earth’s orbit around the sun. The Northern Hemisphere experiences the beginning of spring when Earth is in —
Position 3
Position 4
Position 1
Position 2
60s
8.7a
• Q13
The points labeled W and Y on the topographic map below show the campsites of two families. Each family hiked to the elevation on the map marked X. The arrows show the paths taken by both families. What was the change in elevation, to the nearest ten meters, for the family that took the steepest path to Point X? Be sure to use the correct place value.
Users enter free text
60s
8.9c
• Q14
The moon reflects different amounts of sunlight onto Earth at different times. This reflected sunlight is commonly called moonlight. The graph below shows the intensity of moonlight at different times in a lunar cycle. Which moon phase most likely occurs at the time in the cycle represented by an X on the graph?
#texas/2a42fdf5-e830-4232-8432-cac9af05cda5/D.png
#texas/2a42fdf5-e830-4232-8432-cac9af05cda5/C.png
#texas/2a42fdf5-e830-4232-8432-cac9af05cda5/A.png
#texas/2a42fdf5-e830-4232-8432-cac9af05cda5/B.png
60s
8.7b
• Q15
Hurricanes and similar storm systems begin over oceans. The map below shows average surface temperatures of the oceans in the summer. Based on the map, which area probably produced the most violent storm systems?
Area 2
Area 1
Area 4
Area 3
60s
8.10c

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