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Unit 1 Practice - Research and History of Psych

Quiz by Victor Cadilla

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20 questions
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  • Q1
    Samantha believes all behavior originates from unconscious forces developed primarily on sex and aggression. With which approach to psychology is Samantha most likely to agree?
  • Q2
    With which of the following statements would a behaviorist be most likely to agree?
    By studying how people think and solve problems, psychology can better understand how they behave
    Psychology should study people's consciousness by asking them to report their conscious experiences
    Psychology can only study what we can observe, because this is all that can be empirically tested.
    People are driven by subconscious forces
  • Q3
    Edward Titchener followed the structuralist approach to examine human consciousness. With which of the following would he agree?
    We can use the process of introspection by asking people about their conscious experience to specific stimuli
    We must examine how a person functions as a whole.
    We can only study people through direct observation and learning through rewards and punishments
    We must examine problem-solving and perception to better understand human consciousness.
  • Q4
    Which of the following best describes how psychiatrists most often treat patients?
    Through behavioral therapy
    Through medication management
    In partnership with psychologists
    Through intensive psychoanalysis
  • Q5
    A researcher wants to determine if studying for a half hour each night for a week in preparation for an exam is better than studying for three-and-a-half hours on Sunday evening for an exam on Monday. Researchers will randomly select participants for the study and randomly place participants into either the massed (Sunday night) or distributed (half hour a night) study group. They will also measure the outcome of each unit exam (both groups will take the same exam). What is the dependent variable in this experiment?
    Distributed practice
    The score on each exam
    Massed practice
    Students in AP Psychology
  • Q6
    An experimenter wants to determine the impact of caffeine on attention span. Which of the following best represents random assignment?
    Selecting who will participate in the study without any specific pattern
    Placing participants into either the caffeine or non-caffeine group without any set pattern
    Selecting those who drink caffeine regularly and have built a tolerance to the effects
    Observing different levels of attention exhibited by participants given caffeine
  • Q7
    A researcher wants to investigate a unique brain tumor in a twelve-year-old child to see how the tumor affects the child's behavior. The researcher will conduct a battery of cognitive and physical tests with the child over the course of six months to account for potential changes in the tumor's size and impact. Which of the following would be the best research method to study this situation?
    Individual case study
    Naturalistic observation
    Experimental design
  • Q8
    A researcher determined that the less practice teenagers had driving the more moving violations they received during the first year after receiving their driver's license. This finding is an example of which of the following?
    Statistical significance
    An illusory correlation
    Positive correlation
    Negative correlation
  • Q9
    A graduate student wants to conduct a study to investigate people's opinions regarding the death penalty. Because he has not yet taken his research methods course, he does not know which technique would be best to gather data on this issue. Based on what you have read about research techniques, which of the following techniques would work best for his proposed study?
    Group case study
    Naturalistic observation
  • Q10
    A researcher who had a role in designing a new medication for headaches wants to promote it. She unconsciously suggests to those who took her medication that they are feeling better than those who had an alternative medication. This demonstrates which of the following phenomena?
    Confirmation bias
    Experimenter bias
    Hindsight bias
    Placebo effect
  • Q11
    What is the best way for a researcher to avoid unconsciously signaling any point of view to the participants in a study?
    Random assignment
    Correlation coefficients
    Random sampling
    Double-blind study
  • Q12
    Which of the following is the best example of random sampling?
    Splitting the alphabet in half to determine who will be in the experimental or control gorup
    Arbitrarily selecting names from everyone in the population determine who will be in the study
    Determining all of the individuals who can potentially participate in the study
    Having all participants count off by twos and then placing all of the odd-numbered participants into the control group and all of the even--numbered participants into the experimental group
  • Q13
    Mary is an undergraduate student who has volunteered for a study her professor is running. During the study, Mary picks up on cues from her professor about the expectations he has regarding the outcome of the study. The professor does not realize he is giving these cues, and she does not realize that she is picking up on them, yet she behaves as he expects. Which of the following phenomena has occurred?
    Mary's professor had experienced sampling bias
    Mary's professor has experienced hindsight bias
    Mary's professor is demonstrating confirmation bias
    Mary has participated in a double-blind study
  • Q14
    A researcher has found that the more time athletes spend training in track and field, the lower their times in the 100-meter run. She determines that this result means that training causes drops in times. Which of the following is true about this study?
    The researcher has conducted a longitudinal study
    The researcher has conducted a correlational study that resulted in a positive correlation
    The researcher has falsely determined that correlation proves causation
    The researcher has conducted a study that resulted in an illusory correlation
  • Q15
    Paul has run a correlational study and found that as people age, their ability to hear high-pitched sounds decreases. While you do not have a written copy of Paul's study in front of you, which of the following scores likely describes the finding of Paul's study?
    + 0.66
    - 0.05
    - 0.48
    - 1.02

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