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Unit 16 Evolution Review

Quiz by Brooke Garton

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15 questions
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  • Q1
    During his voyage on the Beagle, Charles Darwin made many observations
    in England
    in Asia
    in North America
    on the Galapagos Islands
  • Q2
    On the Galapagos Islands, Charles Darwin observed
    species exactly like those found in South America.
    completely unrelated species on each of the islands.
    somewhat similar species, with traits that suited their particular environments.
    species completely unrelated to those found in South America.
  • Q3
    The species of finches that Charles Darwin found on the Galapagos Islands displayed different structural adaptations. One of the adaptations that Darwin noted was the
    length of the birds necks
    number of eggs in each birds nest
    birds' different-shaped beaks.
    similarities of the birds' embryos
  • Q4
    When a farmer breeds only his or her best lifestock, the process involved is
    natural selection
    artificial variation
    artificial selection
    survival of the fittest
  • Q5
    According to Darwin's theory of natural selection, individuals who survive are the ones best adapted for their environment. Their survival is due to the
    lack of competition within the species.
    possession of inherited adaptations that maximize fitness.
    possession of adaptations developed through use.
    choices made by plant and animal breeders.
  • Q6
    When farmers select plants or animals to use for breeding, they look for
    species that are perfect and unchanging
    homologous structures
    traits that are produced artificially
    natural variations that are present in a species
  • Q7
    An adaptation is an inherited characteristic that can be
    physical or geographical
    acquired during the organism's lifetime
    the result of artificial selection
    physical or behavioral
  • Q8
    When lions prey on a herd of antelopes, some antelopes are killed and some escape. Which part of Darwin's concept of natural selection might be used to describe this situation?
    acquired characteristics
    survival of the fittest
    descent with modification
    reproductive isolation
  • Q9
    Charles Darwin called the ability of an organism to survive and reproduce in its environment
  • Q10
    People of Charles Darwin's time understood that fossils were
    unrelated to living species
    evidence for the evolution of life on Earth.
    preserved remains of ancient organisms
    available for every organism that ever lived.
  • Q11
    Darwin's theory of evolution suggests that
    species change over time
    different species can interbreed
    extinct species are not related to living species
    animals that look alike are the most closely related
  • Q12
    The separation of populations by barriers such as rivers, mountains, or bodies of water is called
    geographic isolation
    genetic equilibrium
    behavioral isolation
    temporal isolation
  • Q13
    What situation might develop in a population having some plants whose flowers open at midday and other plants whose flowers open late in the day?
    behavioral isolation
    temporal isolation
    genetic drift
    geographic isolation
  • Q14
    In 1859, Charles Darwin published which book?
    Principals of Geology
    Evolution in Malaysia
    On the Origin of Species
    Essay on the Principle of Population
  • Q15
    A factor that is necessary for the formation of a new species is
    reproduction at different times
    reproductive isolation
    geographic barriers
    different mating behaviors

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