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Unit 5 (DNA & Protein Synthesis) Vocabulary Quiz

Quiz by Mallory Strelecky

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38 questions
Show answers
  • Q1
    Which molecule carries genetic information?
    rRNA
    tRNA
    DNA
    Amino Acid
    10s
  • Q2
    What is a double helix?
    the shape of DNA
    the type of bond that holds DNA molecules together
    the part of a nucleotide that contains nitrogen
    the monomer of DNA and RNA
    10s
  • Q3
    What is the monomer of DNA and RNA?
    Monosaccharide
    Nucleotide
    Amino Acid
    Fatty Acid
    10s
  • Q4
    What is the part of a nucleotide that contains nitrogen called?
    Amino Acid
    Double Helix
    Nitrogen Base
    Hydrogen Bond
    10s
  • Q5
    What is a hydrogen bond?
    the type of bond that holds DNA molecules together
    the monomer of DNA and RNA
    the type of bond that links amino acids together
    the part of a nucleotide that contains nitrogen
    10s
  • Q6
    What is the process of making a copy of DNA called?
    Protein Synthesis
    Translation
    (DNA) Replication
    Transcription
    10s
  • Q7
    Which enzyme unwinds the DNA during DNA replication?
    DNA Helicase
    DNA Polymerase III
    DNA Polymerase I
    RNA Polymerase
    10s
  • Q8
    Which enzyme pairs nucleotides with their complementary bases during DNA replication?
    RNA Polymerase I
    RNA Polymerase III
    DNA Polymerase
    DNA Helicase
    10s
  • Q9
    Which molecule plays an important role in the production of proteins?
    Hydrogen Bond
    Double Helix
    RNA
    DNA
    10s
  • Q10
    What is transcription?
    the process of making a copy of DNA
    the process of translating mRNA into a protein
    the process of making mRNA from DNA in the nucleus
    the process of determining amino acid sequences from mRNA sequences in the ribosomes
    10s
  • Q11
    Which form of RNA carries genetic information from the nucleus to the cytoplasm?
    Ribosomal RNA (rRNA)
    Transfer RNA (tRNA)
    DNA
    Messenger RNA (mRNA)
    10s
  • Q12
    Which enzyme involved in transcription pairs mRNA nucleotides with their complementary bases on a DNA sequence?
    DNA Polymerase III
    DNA Helicase
    RNA Polymerase
    DNA Polymerase I
    10s
  • Q13
    What is a codon?
    the monomer of DNA and RNA
    a group of 3 nucleotide bases in mRNA that code for a specific amino acid
    the monomer of proteins
    a group of 3 nucleotide bases in tRNA
    10s
  • Q14
    What is the process of determining amino acid sequences from mRNA sequences in the ribosomes called?
    Transcription
    (DNA) Replication
    Translation
    Protein Synthesis
    10s
  • Q15
    Which form of RNA brings amino acids to the ribosomes during protein synthesis?
    DNA
    Messenger RNA (mRNA)
    Transfer RNA (tRNA)
    Ribosomal RNA (rRNA)
    10s

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