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Unit 5: Nationalism and Sectionalism

Quiz by Patty Weber

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43 questions
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  • Q1
    Eli Whitney first used interchangeable parts, parts that are exactly alike, to make
    spinning wheels
  • Q2
    All of the following are effects of Eli Whitney's cotton gin EXCEPT:
    allowed farmers to expand their farms
    made it easier to clean cotton
    led to a decrease in the number of slaves in the South
    allowed farmers to make more money on cotton
  • Q3
    The Industrial Revolution began in
    the United States
    Great Britain
  • Q4
    In the cottage industry, goods were made by hand in ______. By contrast, in the Industrial Revolution, goods were made by machines in ______.
    factories; homes
    homes; factories
  • Q5
    This region's economy relied on factories and manufacturing, there was little demand for slaves.
    Middle states
    North (New England)
    Southern states
  • Q6
    This region's economy was based on agriculture, cotton was the major cash crop, and slaves were heavily relied on
    Southern States
    Middle States
    North (New England)
  • Q7
    Which of the following best describes the effects of the Embargo of 1807 and the War of 1812?
    Both resulted in huge profits for American goods sold in Europe.
    Both expanded American trade with Europe.
    They forced America to focus on the development of domestic industries.
  • Q8
    What was the goal of Henry Clay's American System?
    to decrease the involvement of the Federal government in the economy
    to add an Amendment to the Constitution
    to unite the country, create a strong economy, and make the nation self-sufficient
    to provide for the general welfare of citizens in need
  • Q9
    The three major points of American System contained all of the following EXCEPT:
    Maintaining the equal balance of slave states and free states in Congress
    Establishing a protective tariff
    Renewing the Second National Bank
    Developing a transportation system
  • Q10
    The internal improvements in the American System included:
    the launch of steamboats on the Hudson River
    launching new textile factories in New England
    the National Road and Erie Canal
  • Q11
    What was the goal of the Tariff of 1816?
    to tax imported goods, to encourage people to buy American goods
    to tax American goods to encourage people to buy European goods
    to encourage Americans to buy Southern goods
    to flood the market with foreign goods
  • Q12
    What was the goal of the Second Bank of the United States?
    to increase the power of the individuals in the economy
    to increase the power of the states in the economy
    to make a national currency, making trade easier
  • Q13
    During the time period, what happened to the Judicial Branch?
    The Constitution was no longer seen as the Supreme Law of the Land
    States grew more powerful
    It grew more powerful
    It weakened
  • Q14
    The Supreme court ruling in Gibbons v. Ogden said:
    The federal government could not rule over any state court decisions
    The federal government could regulate interstate commerce (trade between states)
    The federal government could regulate intrastate commerce (trade within a state)
    The federal government could rule over any state court decisions
  • Q15
    The Supreme court ruling in McCulloch v. Maryland said:
    states can overturn laws passed by Congress
    states cannot overturn laws passed by Congress
    the Native Americans in Maryland are forced to relocate

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