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Unit 6 Evolution Study Guide

Quiz by Maxine Dalton

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21 questions
Show answers
  • Q1
    Rocks formed from the piling up of layers of dust, dirt, sediment, and sand are called ___________ rocks
  • Q2
    Most Fossils are found in ______________ rocks.
  • Q3
    How do scientist determine the age of fossils?
    They smell them
    They look at them
    They date them using radioactive materials
    They burn them
  • Q4
    Why are few fossils found in igneous rock and metamorphic rock?
    They turn to diamonds
    They get eaten
    They get destroyed
    They turn to pearls
  • Q5
    Identify two types of fossils:
    Soot and sand; flour and meal
    Imprint and Amber; Petrification and Frozen
    Mold and Mildew; Poop and urine
    gas and diesel; kerosene and motor oil
  • Q6
    The Father of Evolution is ________ _________.
    George Bush
    Charles Darwin
    Gregor Mendel
    Bill Cosby
  • Q7
    When an organism has a variation that gives it an advantage over other organisms it is
    more likely to survive to reproduce
    they will all die
    less likely to survive to reproduce
    It will not make a difference
  • Q8
    Helpful variations allow an organism a/n (decreased or increased) chance of survival
    no difference
  • Q9
    Over time, the variations that survive and are passed onto offspring are called
  • Q10
    The change in the genetic composition of a population over successive generations
  • Q11
    While studying the Galapagos islands, Darwin noticed that there were several species of ground finches that had unique _____ that helped the birds _____.
    eyes; see a specific kind of predator
    beak shapes; acquire a specific kind of food
    claws; perch on different trees
    wings; fly a specific altitude
  • Q12
    Which of the following explains how natural selection causes a trait to become predominant in a population?
    Individuals with traits that are favorable to the environment reproduce more than other individuals.
    Organisms "select" which traits they wish to inherit, thereby choosing more favorable traits.
    Traits of an individual change in order to adapt to the changing environment.
  • Q13
    Which of the following is an example of adaptation to environmental change within a population?
    Stink bugs have evolved to taste delicious to their avian predators.
    The peppered moth evolved black color to hide in the sooty trees during the industrial revolution.
    Tikiguanas tend to be bright yellow in color in order to hide among green bamboo leaves.
    Song birds, such as the speckled dove, sing to each other at frequencies their mates cannot hear.
  • Q14
    Which of the following provides scientific evidence for the theory of evolution?
    Some structures have no function and are vestigial parts from a common ancestor.
    Different species have evolved very distinct pathways of embryonic development.
    Related groups of organisms have very different DNA sequences.
    Species that evolved before and after the breakup of the supercontinent are distributed worldwide.
  • Q15
    Which of the following pairs of organisms would be considered to be of the same species?
    A horse mates with a donkey, producing a viable mule, which is infertile
    A lion mates with a tiger, producing a hybrid "liger" which is occasionally fertile
    An eagle mates with a hawk, which produces no viable offspring
    A chihuahua mates and produces fertile puppies with a Boston Terrier, a different breed of dog

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