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US History Spring Semester Exam Review

Quiz by Brenda Nathman

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94 questions
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  • Q1
    passed by Federalists during John Adams' presidency in order to silence Democratic-Republicans; part of these laws (alien) targeted immigrants; part of these laws (sedition) made it illegal to criticize the government in print, which violated the 1st Amendment
    Alien and Sedition Acts
  • Q2
    tie between Thomas Jefferson and Aaron Burr (both Democratic-Republicans) in the Electoral College; presidency was decided by the House of Representatives, who chose Jefferson on the 36th vote
    Election of 1800
  • Q3
    POTUS #3; believed in a smaller federal government and was against government debt; he reduced the number of federal employees and reduced the military
    Thomas Jefferson
  • Q4
    Supreme Court case that established judicial review, which states that the Supreme Court has the final say in deciding if a law is constitutional or not
    Marbury vs. Madison
  • Q5
    Chief Justice of the Supreme Court for many years; presided over Marbury case
    John Marshall
  • Q6
    land west of the Mississippi River to the Rocky Mountains; included the port city of New Orleans; bought it from France in 1803; explored by Lewis and Clark; Jefferson hesitated before buying it because it was not a power given to the POTUS by the Constitution (strict interpretation)
    Louisiana Purchase
  • Q7
    I - impressments; S - seizing US ships; S - supplying Native Americans
    War of 1812 Causes
  • Q8
    W - weakened Native resistance, I - Industry increased (due to blockade), N - nationalism & patriotism
    War of 1812 Effects
  • Q9
    told European countries that they are not allowed to colonize in the Western Hemisphere (the Americas); US became the protector of Latin America
    Monroe Doctrine
  • Q10
    agreement reached in Congress (written by Henry Clay) in order to maintain the balance of free and slave states in Congress; Missouri entered as a slave state and Maine as a free state; it also banned slavery North of the 36°30ˊ latitude
    Missouri Compromise
  • Q11
    The Supreme Court ruled the federal government has the authority to regulate interstate commerce (businesses that cross state lines); gives more power to the federal government.
    Gibbons vs. Ogden
  • Q12
    The Supreme Court ruled a state can't tax its branch of the national bank; gave more power to the federal government.
    McCulloch vs. Maryland
  • Q13
    Eli Whitney; allowed for cotton to be cleaned at a much quicker pace; resulted in an increase in the planting of cotton, which led to a much larger demand for slaves on plantations in order to pick the cotton
    Cotton Gin
  • Q14
    Samuel F.B. Morse; allowed people to communicate over long distances; increased national unity
  • Q15
    Robert Fulton; allowed much quicker travel (including upstream); increased national unity

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