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Weather and Climate Quiz 1 Review

Quiz by Rebecca Lanham

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19 questions
Show answers
  • Q1
    What layers of the atmosphere does the temperature decrease as altitude increases?
    thermosphere and troposphere
    mesosphere and stratosphere
    stratosphere and thermosphere
    mesosphere and troposphere
    30s
  • Q2
    Which layer of the atmosphere is closest to the Earth?
    exosphere
    troposphere
    mesosphere
    stratosphere
    10s
  • Q3
    Where does all weather occur?
    troposphere
    stratosphere
    mesosphere
    thermosphere
    10s
  • Q4
    What layer of the atmosphere contains Ozone?
    Mesosphere
    Thermosphere
    Stratosphere
    Troposphere
    20s
  • Q5
    In what layer do meteors and other objects from space burn up?
    Exosphere
    Thermosphere
    Mesosphere
    Stratosphere
    20s
  • Q6
    What is the effect of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere?
    Water evaporated from the oceans into the atmosphere is trapped by greenhouse gases, preventing it from precipitating, increasing atmospheric humidity
    Water evaporated from the oceans into the atmosphere is reflected by greenhouse gases, preventing it from condensing, decreasing atmospheric humidity.
    Heat radiated by the Sun is reflected by greenhouse gases, preventing it from entering the atmosphere, decreasing global temperatures
    Heat radiated by the Earth is trapped by greenhouse gases preventing it from escaping to space and increasing the overall temperature of Earth
    30s
  • Q7
    How are a greenhouse and Earth's atmosphere most alike?
    Both trap heat inside and prevent it from escaping.
    Both lower the temperature to be suitable for life.
    Both contain large amounts of carbon dioxide.
    Both prevent harmful radiation from reaching Earth.
    30s
  • Q8
    Velma uses her spoon to stir her hot chocolate. What will most likely happen to the temperature of the metal spoon?
    The temperature of the metal spoon will increase because cold energy from the spoon will transfer to the water.
    The temperature of the metal spoon will decrease because cold energy from the hot water will transfer to the spoon.
    The temperature of the metal spoon will decrease because heat energy from the spoon will transfer to the water.
    The temperature of the metal spoon will increase because heat energy from the hot water will transfer to the spoon.
    30s
  • Q9
    How do air molecules in direct contact with a warm surface absorb heat energy?
    radiation
    diffusion
    conduction
    convection
    10s
  • Q10
    How does the Sun's energy reach earth?
    convection
    diffusion
    conduction
    radiation
    10s
  • Q11
    Water in a hot pot rises, cools, sinks and then warms again in a continuous cycle. Heat is being transferred through
    conduction
    radiation
    convection
    thermovection
    10s
  • Q12
    Which best describes a sea breeze?
    The warmer air over the land rises, and the cooler air over the water falls and moves toward the land.
    The cooler air over the land rises, and the warmer air over the water falls and moves toward the land.
    The cooler air over the water rises, and the warmer air over the land falls and moves toward the land.
    The warmer air over the water rises, and the cooler air over the land falls and moves toward the land.
    30s
  • Q13
    Convection in the atmosphere that causes global wind belts,
    carries hot air to the poles, where it cools and sinks, flowing back toward the equator.
    carries hot air to the equator, where it cools and rises, flowing back toward the poles.
    carries cool air to the poles, where it warms and rises, flowing back toward the equator.
    carries cool air to the equator, where it warms and sinks, flowing back toward the poles
    30s
  • Q14
    A jet stream is best described as
    a large mass of air that creates storms
    an area of calm near the equator that has little wind
    a circulating mass of air that rises from the equator and moves towards the poles
    a narrow band of strong winds that blows from west to east
    30s
  • Q15
    Where do the trade winds blow?
    Near the poles from east to west
    north and south of the equator from the northeast and southeast towards the equator
    in a narrow band in the upper troposphere
    directly on the equator in a westerly direction
    30s

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