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4.7

Quiz by NYSED Living Environment

High School
Living Environment (1996)
New York State Learning Standards

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High School
Living Environment (1996)
New York State Learning Standards

4.7

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13 questions
Show answers
  • Q1
    Nuclear power plants, which produce electrical energy, use large quantities of water for cooling. Often, small fish, larvae, and fi sh eggs are sucked in along with the cooling water and destroyed. This example illustrates how
    direct harvesting increases the natural fish population
    removal of these organisms has no effect on an ecosystem
    energy is generated without producing wastes
    industrialization can have positive and negative effects
    60s
    4.7
  • Q2
    Acid rain is a major problem in the Adirondack Mountains. Evidence that acid rain negatively affected the Adirondack ecosystem is that
    there has been a decrease in the variety of fish found in Adirondack lakes
    the number of heterotrophic organisms in Adirondack lakes has increased
    the amount of carbon dioxide in the air over the Adirondack Mountains has drastically decreased in recent years
    this rain has increased the amount of water in Adirondack lakes
    60s
    4.7
  • Q3
    An invasive species, the spiny water flea, was recently found in a New York lake. These water fleas eat zooplankton, a food also consumed by native fishes. The fleas spread from lake to lake by attaching to fishing lines, anchor ropes, and boats. Which statement best describes the effect of the water flea on the lake?
    It will not compete with animals in the local food chain.
    There will be no effect on native species in the lake.
    It will not compete with animals in the local food chain.
    The number of water fleas will decrease due to a lack of food.
    60s
    4.7
  • Q4
    Question Image
    60s
    4.7
  • Q5
    Which statement best represents an outcome of federal standards that require increasing the energy efficiency of appliances, such as refrigerators?
    Question Image
    Increased efficiency of appliances requires greater use of our energy resources.
    Manufacturing more effi cient appliances will reduce the biodiversity of ecosystems.
    Newer appliances are manufactured from a greater number of fi nite resources.
    More technological improvements in appliances can help conserve fi nite resources.
    60s
    4.7
  • Q6
    When deciding on new environmental policies and laws, which term is used to describe the comparison between benefi ts and costs of human activities?
    climate change
    technology
    industrialization
    trade-off
    60s
    4.7
  • Q7
    When humans place grass clippings and other yard waste in landfills, they are most directly interfering with the natural process of
    recycling energy
    recycling organic compounds
    the production of organic compounds
    the production of energy
    60s
    4.7
  • Q8
    Two new wind turbines have recently been built within the Eiffel Tower in Paris. The power that these turbines generate will be enough to power the entire fi rst floor of the tower, including the restaurants, shops, and exhibits. A benefit of using wind power as an alternative source of energy is that it
    is nonrenewable, so additional resources will be depleted by tower businesses
    decreases the amount of fossil fuels available for future generations
    is renewable, so it will decrease the environmental impact of the tower businesses
    increases the use of resources that cannot be renewed in the future
    60s
    4.7
  • Q9
    The fast food industry in the United States buys many russet potatoes from farmers. Therefore, most potato farmers grow russet potatoes. If farmers continue to plant the same crop in the same fi elds year after year without putting additives into the soil, the end result could be
    larger potatoes because they will adapt to the soil
    new varieties of potatoes because they will reproduce sexually
    genetically engineered potatoes that are resistant to disease
    smaller yields in future years due to the loss of nutrients
    60s
    4.7
  • Q10
    More than 100 years ago, Earth's atmosphere contained about 280 parts per million (ppm) of carbon dioxide. It is predicted that by the year 2050, the level of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere could reach 700 ppm, greatly increasing Earth's temperature. It has been suggested that growing more green plants would help to slow this increase. The best explanation for why increased numbers of plants would help is that plants
    serve as a nonrenewable energy resource
    remove carbon dioxide from the atmosphere during photosynthesis
    remove carbon dioxide from the atmosphere during respiration
    serve as food for herbivores
    60s
    4.7
  • Q11
    Which factor contributed least to the extinction of the passenger pigeon species?
    Question Image
    increased use of the passenger pigeons as a food source for humans
    improved communication technology, which tracked the pigeon flocks
    laws that banned the hunting of passenger pigeons to sell in new markets
    expansion of the railroads, which opened up new markets for selling pigeons
    60s
    4.7
  • Q12
    The extinction of the passenger pigeon illustrates that
    Question Image
    humans are the only cause of species extinctions
    the benefi ts of technology always outweigh the ecological risks
    human activities can irreversibly affect ecosystems
    it takes hundreds of years for a species extinction
    60s
    4.7
  • Q13
    An accurate prediction that could be made regarding the information shown in the chart is that
    Question Image
    fossil fuels emit the least amount of greenhouse gases
    the use of any one of the ethanol sources for fuel will each produce less greenhouse gases than the use of gasoline for fuel
    the use of biomass-based fuels instead of fossil fuels will greatly increase the production of greenhouse gases
    a total change from gasoline to ethanol as a fuel would have no effect on greenhouse gas emissions
    60s
    4.7

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