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Earth's History and Biological Evolution Test

Quiz by Errol Rose

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15 questions
Show answers
  • Q1
    Of the four geologic time periods, shown below, which of them represented 90 percent of geologic time? Paleozoic, Precambrian, Mesozoic, or Cenozoic?
    Precambrian
    Cenozoic
    Paleozoic
    Mesozoic
    120s
  • Q2
    How long did it take for life to evolve from simple single-celled organisms to the many millions of species of protists, fungi, plants, and animals?
    1 billion years
    65 million years
    3 billion years
    250 million years
    120s
  • Q3
    This treatment option involves the use of genes to fight or prevent diseases.________________________________
    Frame shift mutation
    none of the above
    Gene therapy
    Human genome project
    120s
  • Q4
    Older rock layers end up at the bottom of the sequence and the newer ones toward the top. This is an example of which principle or law?
    Principle of Uniformitarianism
    Principle of Cross-Cutting
    Principle of Uncomformities
    Law of Superposition
    120s
  • Q5
    Why can't all organisms become fossils? Because.......
    When organisms die, soft parts decay or are eaten by other animals.
    Some organisms leave bones.
    Some plants leave seeds or woody parts.
    Some organisms have shells.
    120s
  • Q6
    Petrified remains are fossils in which _______________ replace all or part of an organism.
    All of the Above
    minerals
    organic materials
    mud
    120s
  • Q7
    _______________ fossils provide evidence of the activities of ancient organisms.
    Question Image
    Petrified
    Mold & Cast
    Trace
    Index
    120s
  • Q8
    Geologists use a method called _______________ dating to determine the exact age of rocks and fossils in each layer of rock.
    index
    relative
    carbon
    radiometric or radioactive
    120s
  • Q9
    During a Mass Extinction event many species of organisms are able to survive an environmental catastrophe. True or False
    True
    False
    120s
  • Q10
    During which Geologic Time Period did dinosaurs first appear?
    Cenozoic
    Paleozoic
    Precambrian
    Triassic
    120s
  • Q11
    What are homologous structures?
    Question Image
    Structures that have nothing to do with natural selection
    Anatomical structures that come from the same origin
    Anatomical Structures that have a different structure and development
    Structures on the same side of the body
    120s
  • Q12
    The fossil record shows change over time.... True or False
    False
    True
    120s
  • Q13
    Inherited characteristics that increase an organisms chance of survival is known as __________________.
    a mutation
    adaptation
    extinction
    divergence
    120s
  • Q14
    Which of the following is an example of natural selection?
    How living things are behaviorally and physically suited to the place in which they live.
    Breeding organisms with a certain trait to produce offspring with identical traits.
    The differences in how a trait is expressed in the members of a population.
    Organism’s ability to survive, reproduce, and pass on genes to offspring
    120s
  • Q15
    Adaptations ________________ the fitness of an organism.
    all the above
    decrease
    do not effect
    increase
    120s

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