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Evolution Speed Study Challenge

Quiz by Lisa Sarnelli

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20 questions
Show answers
  • Q1
    What is the term for a group of organisms that can reproduce and have fertile offspring?
    Genomes
    Hybrids
    Species
    Mutations
    30s
  • Q2
    As explained in the Theory of Evolution through Natural Selection, organisms with better adaptations are more likely to survive and _____________________.
    go extinct
    reproduce
    create hybrids
    mutate
    30s
  • Q3
    Darwin noticed that the Galapagos finches had small differences, mainly different kinds of beaks in areas with different food sources. What term best explains this?
    Selection
    Variation
    Adaptation
    Overproduction
    30s
  • Q4
    Tortoises that live on the Galapagos Islands that have short necks and short legs live in areas of low vegetation, while the tortoises with long necks and long legs live in areas with tall vegetation giving them an advantage in their environment. This is an example of…
    Mutation
    Selection
    Overproduction
    Adaptation
    30s
  • Q5
    What are the 4 Principles of Natural Selection?
    Variation, mutation, resistance, selection
    Overproduction, mutation, adaptation, selection
    Overproduction, variation, adaptation, selection
    Variation, adaptation, selection, extinction
    30s
  • Q6
    Sometimes different species look quite similar in early stages of development. What type of evidence is this description referring to?
    Embryology
    Analogous structures
    Homologous structures
    Vestigial structures
    30s
  • Q7
    The picture shows examples of what type of leftover structures?
    Question Image
    Analogous structures
    Vestigial structures
    Embryological structures
    Homologous structures
    30s
  • Q8
    The picture shows an example of _________________ structures because they share the same structure showing evidence of a common ancestor.
    Question Image
    molecular
    vestigial
    analogous
    homologous
    30s
  • Q9
    The wings of a butterfly and the wings of a bird are examples of ___________________ structures because they have the same function.
    vestigial
    fossil
    homologous
    analogous
    30s
  • Q10
    When humans choose to breed particular animals/plants to have specific desirable traits that is called ___________________________.
    creating hybrids
    genetic modification
    artificial selection
    natural selection
    30s
  • Q11
    By comparing the DNA sequences below, you can tell whether the two species are closely related or not. What type of evidence is this?
    Question Image
    Molecular biology
    Homologous structure comparison
    Absolute dating
    Fossil recording
    30s
  • Q12
    Comparing the skeletons of modern whales to the skeletal remains of their ancestors provides evidence of evolution through ______________________.
    Question Image
    fossils
    analogous structures
    homologous structures
    embryology
    30s
  • Q13
    The first thing that triggers the process of biological evolution is that the organism responds to _____________________________________________.
    available resources
    genetic mutations
    behavioral patterns
    environmental demands
    30s
  • Q14
    Several zebras are eliminated during a lion hunt. They are most likely the weaker members of the herd. This scenario represents which concept?
    Artificial selection
    Overproduction
    Survival of the fittest
    Speciation
    30s
  • Q15
    The speciation event in the picture is a direct result of __________________________.
    Question Image
    genetic variation
    natural selection
    geographic isolation
    biodiversity of life
    30s

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