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Judicial Branch

Quiz by Chirs

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35 questions
Show answers
  • Q1
    Courts settle ___________ disputes between private parties, a private party and the government, or the United States and a state or local government.
    Civil
    criminal
    conflicting
    social
    30s
    Edit
    Delete
  • Q2
    In a __________ trial, witnesses present evidence and a jury or a judge delivers a verdict of guilt or innocence.
    civil
    social
    criminal
    conflicting
    30s
    Edit
    Delete
  • Q3
    All accused people have the right to a public trial and a _____________.
    doctor
    jury
    lawyer
    hearing
    30s
    Edit
    Delete
  • Q4
    Accused people are considered innocent until _______________.
    they're arrested
    appearing guilty
    proven guilty
    they're not
    30s
    Edit
    Delete
  • Q5
    A person may ask for a review of their case by a higher court if they think the court has made a mistake. This review is called a(n) ____________.
    hung jury
    revision
    impact
    appeal
    30s
    Edit
    Delete
  • Q6
    A _________ is a specially-called group of citizens who hears the government’s evidence against accused persons and decides whether the evidence is strong enough for a trial to be held.
    hung jury
    gallery
    prosecuting jury
    grand jury
    30s
    Edit
    Delete
  • Q7
    ____________ are the federal courts where trials are held and lawsuits are begun.
    Appeals courts
    District courts
    Probate courts
    Supreme courts
    30s
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    Delete
  • Q8
    For all federal cases, district courts have _________________, the authority to hear the case for the first time.
    overriding jurisdiction
    appellate jurisdiction
    original jurisdiction
    available jurisdiction
    30s
    Edit
    Delete
  • Q9
    _____________ are required to list specific items that the authorities want to take.
    Court briefs
    Wire taps
    Search warrants
    Amendments
    30s
    Edit
    Delete
  • Q10
    ____________ review decisions made in lower district courts.
    Probate courts
    Supreme courts
    District courts
    Appeals courts
    30s
    Edit
    Delete
  • Q11
    _______________ is the authority to hear a case appealed from a lower court.
    Habeas Corpus
    Original jurisdiction
    Judicial review
    Appellate jurisdiction
    30s
    Edit
    Delete
  • Q12
    Each of the 12 U.S. courts of appeals covers a particular geographic area called a _________.
    sector
    circuit
    region
    district
    30s
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    Delete
  • Q13
    The main job of the nation's top court is to decide whether laws are allowable under the _________________.
    Articles of Confederation
    law
    Declaration
    Constitution
    30s
    Edit
    Delete
  • Q14
    The Supreme Court has original jurisdiction only in cases involving _____.
    money
    a judge or member of Congress
    a state or foreign diplomat
    the President or vice president
    30s
    Edit
    Delete
  • Q15
    The Court chooses the cases it hears through the _________________.
    writ of mandamus
    informa pauperis
    writ of certiorari
    writ of habeas corpus
    30s
    Edit
    Delete
  • Q16
    The president appoints Supreme Court justices, with _______ approval.
    house
    supreme court
    vice president
    senate
    30s
    Edit
    Delete
  • Q17
    _______________ is the power to say whether any law or government action goes against the Constitution.
    Treason
    Original jurisdiction
    Appellate jurisdiction
    Judicial Review
    30s
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    Delete
  • Q18
    Congress can get around a Court ruling by passing a new law, changing a law ruled unconstitutional, or ______________________.
    executive order
    impeaching the president
    amending the Constitution
    signing a treaty
    30s
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    Delete
  • Q19
    The Court accepts only cases that involve a(n) __________ question.
    important
    federal
    legal
    political
    30s
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    Delete
  • Q20
    ___________ is a promise that the men will not run away if they are released, and that they will show up at future court proceedings.
    Probation
    Executive agreement
    Statute
    Bail/bond
    30s
    Edit
    Delete

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