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Key terms (psychology schema)

Quiz by Alex Price

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46 questions
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  • Q1

    . A psychologist has designed a new psychometric test to measure extroversion. She gives 30 participants both her test and an established personality test, and compares their scores on the two tests.What is she trying to establish by doing this?

    external validity

    ecological validity

    concurrent validity

    criterion validity

    30s
  • Q2

    What term refers to whether research relates to everyday life?

    ecological validity

    internal validity

    face validity

    population validity

    30s
  • Q3

    Which of the following is not related to external validity?

    the extent to which findings can be applied to other places

    the extent to which findings can be repeated by testing the same people in the same way

    the extent to which findings can be obtained at other times

    the extent to which findings can be related to other people not involved in the research

    30s
  • Q4

    What is meant by criterion validity?

    how well findings measure what they intend to measure

    how well findings predict what happens beyond the research

    how well findings generalise to real life situations

    how well findings are matched by other research findings

    30s
  • Q5

    . If a researcher checks to see if participants have answered questions that ask about the same thing in the same or similar way, what is this?

    internal validity

    external reliability

    external validity

    internal reliability

    30s
  • Q6

    Two different versions of a personality test are given to participants and then the results compared. What type of validity is being checked here?

    ecological

    face

    criterion

    concurrent

    30s
  • Q7

    Which feature of science refers to the importance of being able to refute a psychologist’s claim?

    deduction

    face validity

    falsification

    verification

    30s
  • Q8

    What type of reliability is it when there is a consistency in the recordings made by two or more different observers?

    external

    split half

    inter-rater

    test-retest

    30s
  • Q9

    What is the name for the type of reliability that involves dividing a test into two parts and comparing scores on both parts of the test?

    split-half

    two-tailed

    test-retest

    semi-structured

    30s
  • Q10

    Which of these is associated with the term ‘demand characteristics’?

    personality traits of the participants

    instructions given to the participants by the researcher

    compulsory things that the participants must do

    changes in participants’ behaviour as a consequence of knowing they are being studied

    30s
  • Q11

    Which is a way of addressing the issue of demand characteristics in an experiment?

    not sharing the aim with participants until the end

    not giving instructions to the participants

    not measuring participants’ behaviour

    not testing participants together

    30s
  • Q12

    Peer review of a piece of new psychological research should be conducted by:

    another researcher working in the same field of psychology

    a specially appointed government minister

    another researcher working in a different field of psychology

    the head of the psychology department in the university where the research was conducted

    30s
  • Q13

     What is the name given to data before any analysis is performed?

    quantitative

    ordinal

    raw

    interval

    30s
  • Q14

    What is the name given to data that is collected directly by researchers themselves, rather than obtaining it from another person or source?

    direct

    secondary

    nominal

    primary

    30s
  • Q15

    Which is an example of secondary data?

    readings from the brain scan of a serial killer

    autobiography of a serial killer

    observation notes on the behaviours of a serial killer

    recording of an interview with a serial killer

    30s

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