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Transcription & Translation

Quiz by TeNeal Metcalf

High School
Biology (2017)
Texas Essential Knowledge and Skills (TEKS)

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Measures 3 skills from
High School
Biology (2017)
Texas Essential Knowledge and Skills (TEKS)

BIOL.6c
BIOL.12b
BIOL.6a

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22 questions
Show answers
  • Q1
    Specifically, the copying of a gene to make mRNA
    replication
    protein synthesiss
    transcription
    translation
    30s
    BIOL.6c
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    Delete
  • Q2
    Before transcription can occur, this must happen.
    mRNA zips closed
    mRNA unzips
    DNA unzips
    DNA zips closed
    30s
    BIOL.6c
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    Delete
  • Q3
    During transcription, ____ strands of _____ are used as a template.
    one, mRNA
    one, DNA
    two, DNA
    two, mRNA
    30s
    BIOL.6c
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  • Q4
    The purpose of RNA polymerase during transcription is to:
    take RNA nucleotides off of the strand of DNA
    add new DNA nucleotides to the strand of DNA
    add new RNA nucleotides to the strand of mRNA
    take DNA nucleotides off of the strand of DNA
    30s
    BIOL.6c
    Edit
    Delete
  • Q5
    In transcription, the RNA base U for uracil is complementary to the DNA base
    T for thymine
    G for guanine
    C for cytosine
    A for adenine
    30s
    BIOL.6c
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    Delete
  • Q6
    In transcription, the RNA base A for adenine is complementary to the DNA base _______________
    G for guanine
    T for thymine
    C for cytosine
    U for uracil
    30s
    BIOL.6c
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  • Q7
    During translation, the template for the production of a protein is
    DNA
    tRNA
    amino acids
    mRNA
    30s
    BIOL.6c
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  • Q8
    The monomer (one piece) of protein.
    mRNA
    nucleic acids
    amino acids
    more than one of these
    30s
    BIOL.6c
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  • Q9
    If the mRNA transcript has a mutation, the _____ will most likely have one as a CONSEQUENCE.
    nucleic acids
    protein
    organism
    DNA
    30s
    BIOL.6c
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  • Q10
    In the picture of the DNA strand, the DNA nucleotide A for adenine matched up with the DNA nucleotide __________________
    T for thymine
    U for uracil
    C for cytosine
    G for guanine
    30s
    BIOL.6c
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    Delete
  • Q11
    Another name for protein, in general
    monomer
    mRNA
    polypeptide
    collagen
    30s
    BIOL.6c
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  • Q12
    Specifically, this is used for pigmentation in mammals like humans.
    collagen
    melanin
    melatonin
    protein
    30s
    BIOL.12b
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    Delete
  • Q13
    Both DNA and RNA are made out of building blocks specifically called
    monomers
    amino acids
    nucleotides
    peptides
    30s
    BIOL.6c
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  • Q14
    Each codon of ______ codes for an ______.
    DNA, mRNA
    DNA, amino acid
    amino acid, mRNA
    mRNA, amino acid
    30s
    BIOL.6c
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  • Q15
    ___ nucleotides make up a codon.
    4
    3
    2
    1
    30s
    BIOL.6c
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    Delete
  • Q16
    _____ brings amino acids to the ribosome.
    tRNA
    mRNA
    DNA
    protein
    30s
    BIOL.6c
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    Delete
  • Q17
    ____ cannot leave the nucleus, so it must be transcribed.
    mRNA
    nucleic acids
    DNA
    protein
    30s
    BIOL.6c
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    Delete
  • Q18
    ______ are where proteins are formed.
    nucleosomes
    nucleus
    lysosomes
    ribosomes
    30s
    BIOL.6c
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  • Q19
    Albinism is a _____________ trait.
    usually recessive, but sometimes it is dominant in people
    recessive
    none of these are true
    dominant
    30s
    BIOL.6a
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    Delete
  • Q20
    To inherit albinism, a person must have this genotype
    Aa
    AA
    aa
    AA or Aa
    30s
    BIOL.6a
    Edit
    Delete

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