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TEKS Biology High School - B.5.A: Cell Cycle

Quiz by TEKS Biology High School

High School - Biology
Science (2010)
Texas Essential Knowledge and Skills (TEKS)

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Measures 1 skill from
High School - Biology
Science (2010)
Texas Essential Knowledge and Skills (TEKS)

B.5.A: Cell Cycle

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12 questions
Show answers
  • Q1
    Part of the cell cycle is shown in this simplified model. This part of the cell cycle is best described as the process that —
    Question Image
    synthesizes new molecules
    maintains genetic homeostasis
    duplicates the DNA
    completes cell division
    30s
    B.5.A: Cell Cycle
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  • Q2
    People who have leukemia, a cancer that affects white blood cells, are often given Cytarabine. This drug inhibits the synthesis of DNA. Which phase of the cell cycle is most affected by Cytarabine?
    M phase
    S phase
    G1 phase
    G2 phase
    30s
    B.5.A: Cell Cycle
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  • Q3
    The diagram shows cells in different phases of mitosis. A student is trying to find a cell in a particular phase of mitosis. The student is looking for evidence that spindle fibers are separating the chromosomes to ensure that each new nucleus has one copy of each chromosome. Which cell is in the phase of mitosis that the student is searching for?
    Question Image
    Cell 4
    Cell 2
    Cell 1
    Cell 3
    30s
    B.5.A: Cell Cycle
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  • Q4
    Cells pass through a G checkpoint before entering mitosis. Ideally, if DNA damage is 2 detected, the cells do not enter mitosis until the damage is repaired. Why is DNA damage repaired before cells enter mitosis?
    So that the cytoplasm can be divided equally between the two daughter cells
    So that the chromosomes can align at the metaphase plate during mitosis
    So that healthy daughter cells are produced, allowing the organism to continue growing
    So that another round of DNA synthesis does not have to take place
    30s
    B.5.A: Cell Cycle
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  • Q5
    The model represents the change in the DNA content of a cell during the cell cycle. Which part of the model represents the S phase?
    Question Image
    IV
    II
    III
    I
    30s
    B.5.A: Cell Cycle
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  • Q6
    Scientists can bioengineer skin in a laboratory to treat severe burns and other types of skin injuries. This bioengineered tissue is grown from living cells. The cellular process that enables the cells to grow and develop into tissue is —
    conjugation
    budding
    mitosis
    meiosis
    30s
    B.5.A: Cell Cycle
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  • Q7
    Checkpoints occur between the stages of the cell cycle. If a cell does not meet certain criteria at the end of a stage, it will not move to the next stage. Which of these occurs just before the cell enters the G2 stage of the cell cycle?
    Question Image
    The nucleolus divides
    Centrioles form
    DNA replicates
    The nuclear membrane disintegrates
    30s
    B.5.A: Cell Cycle
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  • Q8
    Telophase is a stage of a cellular process that begins after the chromosomes have moved to opposite poles of the cell. During which cellular process does telophase occur?
    Transcription
    Translation
    Mitosis
    Interphase
    30s
    B.5.A: Cell Cycle
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  • Q9
    A photomicrograph of onion root tip cells during mitosis is shown below. Which phase of mitosis is occurring in the cell indicated by the arrow?
    Question Image
    Metaphase
    Telophase
    Anaphase
    Prophase
    30s
    B.5.A: Cell Cycle
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  • Q10
    Which of these must occur during S phase of the cell cycle so that two daughter cells can be produced during M phase?
    The chromosomes must be joined
    The cell membrane must be expanded
    The cytoplasm must be separated
    The DNA must be replicated
    30s
    B.5.A: Cell Cycle
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  • Q11
    The activities in the cell cycle occur during specific phases. In which phase of the cell cycle is DNA replicated?
    G1 phase
    S phase
    Mitosis
    G2 phase
    60s
    B.5.A: Cell Cycle
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  • Q12
    This model of the cell cycle includes two arrows that each represent a process in the cycle. What do the two arrows represent?
    Question Image
    Arrow 1 represents interphase, and Arrow 2 represents mitosis.
    Arrow 1 represents prophase, and Arrow 2 represents interphase.
    Arrow 1 represents mitosis, and Arrow 2 represents meiosis.
    Arrow 1 represents meiosis, and Arrow 2 represents prophase.
    60s
    B.5.A: Cell Cycle
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