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Topic: 5.9-5.10 Organisms and Environments (1)

Quiz by Texas Education Agency

Grade 5
Science (2010)
Texas Essential Knowledge and Skills (TEKS)

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Measures 7 skills from
Grade 5
Science (2010)
Texas Essential Knowledge and Skills (TEKS)

5.9.A: Organisms and Environments
5.9.B: Organisms and Environments
5.10.B: Organisms and Environments
5.10.A: Organisms and Environments
5.10.C: Organisms and Environments
5.9.C: Organisms and Environments
5.9.D: Organisms and Environments

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30 questions
Show answers
  • Q1
    Some beetles break down the remains of dead animals. Some mushrooms break down the remains of dead trees. How do these actions most benefit plants?
    By decreasing the population of herbivores
    By releasing oxygen into the air
    By returning nutrients to the soil
    By making space for new animals
    60s
    5.9.A: Organisms and Environments
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  • Q2
    The food web below represents organisms in a field. What role do raccoons play in this food web?
    Question Image
    Consumer
    Producer
    Decomposer
    Prey
    60s
    5.9.B: Organisms and Environments
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  • Q3
    Fox squirrels live in the trees of city parks throughout Texas. Each spring they build nests of twigs and leaves in the tops of the trees. Fox squirrels are often found near park benches, waiting to be fed by visitors. For fox squirrels, which of these is a learned behavior?
    Question Image
    Having sharp claws
    Building a nest each spring
    Having a long, bushy tail
    Taking food from people
    60s
    5.10.B: Organisms and Environments
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  • Q4
    A scientist observes sea otters using rocks to break open clamshells. Which of these investigations would best help the scientist determine whether this skill is a learned or an inherited behavior?
    Question Image
    Determining what sizes and kinds of rocks are used most often by sea otters
    Raising young sea otters away from adult otters that use rocks and observing whether the young otters use rocks
    Observing families of sea otters over time to see whether adults that use rocks have offspring that use rocks
    Determining whether shellfish are an important food source in the diet of sea otters
    60s
    5.10.B: Organisms and Environments
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  • Q5
    Which two traits best help a cactus conserve water in the dry conditions of a West Texas desert ecosystem?
    Question Image
    Large flowers and sweet fruit
    Sharp spines and waxy stems
    Waxy stems and large flowers
    Sweet fruit and sharp spines
    60s
    5.10.A: Organisms and Environments
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  • Q6
    Some facts about a bird called the painted redstart are listed in the box shown below. Which fact best describes one way this bird changes its environment to meet its needs?
    Question Image
    Fact 2
    Fact 1
    Fact 3
    Fact 4
    60s
    5.9.A: Organisms and Environments
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  • Q7
    The diets of several types of prairie animals are described in the table below. Which of the following prairie food chains is in the correct order?
    Question Image
    Eagles →prairie dogs→ coyotes
    Wildflowers →badgers→ grasshoppers
    Grasses→ prairie dogs→ badgers
    Sparrows →seeds →insects
    60s
    5.9.B: Organisms and Environments
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  • Q8
    In fall and winter many trees lose their leaves in response to cooler temperatures and —
    a decrease in average wind speed
    more direct sunlight
    an increase in humidity
    fewer hours of daylight
    60s
    5.9.A: Organisms and Environments
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  • Q9
    The stages in the development of an insect are shown below. Which observation best supports the conclusion that this insect undergoes incomplete metamorphosis?
    Question Image
    The insect undergoes more than four stages in its development.
    The first stage of the insect’s development is as an egg.
    The insect has similar body parts throughout its development.
    The insect changes color when it becomes an adult.
    60s
    5.10.C: Organisms and Environments
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  • Q10
    The picture below shows a type of plant called kudzu. Kudzu is a fast-growing Asian vine that was introduced into the United States. Kudzu quickly uses available resources and can completely cover the plants in an area. What effect does the rapid growth of kudzu most likely have on an ecosystem?
    Question Image
    The water supply in the area increases.
    The number of other plants increases.
    The variety of native plants decreases.
    Weather patterns in the area change.
    60s
    5.9.C: Organisms and Environments
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  • Q11
    Crayfish live in water and often hide under rocks or plants. They come out to look for food and will eat both plants and animals. Which of these is a trait that a crayfish most likely inherits from its parents?
    Question Image
    The number of legs it has
    The amount of food it eats each day
    The average distance it travels each day
    The type of plants in its habitat
    60s
    5.10.B: Organisms and Environments
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  • Q12
    Many types of plants grow in a forest ecosystem. How do plants affect the air that forest animals breathe?
    Plants release energy from the sun into the air
    Plants use oxygen from the air to make food.
    Plants take in carbon dioxide and release oxygen into the air
    Plants release pollution into the air.
    60s
    5.9.D: Organisms and Environments
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  • Q13
    Eagles catch fish in rivers with their talons. They fly with the fish to a tree branch and tear the fish into small pieces. Which bird most likely catches and eats its food the way an eagle does?
    #texas/aed34c4e-1b55-4c42-b554-009919c319a4/C.png
    #texas/aed34c4e-1b55-4c42-b554-009919c319a4/B.png
    #texas/aed34c4e-1b55-4c42-b554-009919c319a4/A.png
    #texas/aed34c4e-1b55-4c42-b554-009919c319a4/D.png
    60s
    5.10.A: Organisms and Environments
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  • Q14
    The caterpillars of monarch butterflies eat milkweed leaves. Milkweed leaves contain sap that is toxic to many animals but not to monarch butterfly caterpillars. This sap makes the monarch butterfly caterpillars toxic to predators and protects them from being eaten. Which of these is an inherited trait of monarch butterfly caterpillars?
    Question Image
    The ability of the caterpillars to eat toxic leaves without being harmed
    The number of leaves on the milkweed plants that the caterpillars visit each summer
    The number of milkweed leaves the caterpillars eat each day
    The size of the milkweed leaves that the caterpillars eat
    60s
    5.10.B: Organisms and Environments
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  • Q15
    Animals and plants use substances that cycle through the environment. Which substance is needed by plants to survive and is released into the environment by animals?
    Oxygen
    Salt
    Carbon dioxide
    Sugar
    60s
    5.9.D: Organisms and Environments
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  • Q16
    Which table shows the correct role of each organism in the food chain below? Algae→ shrimp →arctic cod→ ringed seals→ polar bears
    #texas/18dd64af-a528-4b11-9ac3-fc301d102a51/B.png
    #texas/18dd64af-a528-4b11-9ac3-fc301d102a51/C.png
    #texas/18dd64af-a528-4b11-9ac3-fc301d102a51/D.png
    #texas/18dd64af-a528-4b11-9ac3-fc301d102a51/A.png
    60s
    5.9.B: Organisms and Environments
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  • Q17
    The life cycles of a butterfly and a chigger are shown below. How is the life cycle of chiggers different from the life cycle of butterflies?
    Question Image
    Chiggers have a nymph phase
    Chigger larvae hatch from eggs.
    Chigger larvae have legs.
    Chiggers go through metamorphosis.
    60s
    5.10.C: Organisms and Environments
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  • Q18
    The ocotillo is a desert plant with long, straight branches. Its leaves are small and appear for only a short time after a rain. Most of the time, the branches of the ocotillo do not have leaves. Maple trees grow in areas where water is more abundant than in the desert. Maple leaves can be very large and are present for most months of the year. Ocotillo plants are better adapted for surviving in the desert than maple trees because the characteristics of ocotillo leaves —
    Question Image
    prevent the plant from producing flowers
    encourage the release of carbon dioxide from the stems
    reduce the amount of water lost through evaporation
    allow more sunlight to reach the soil
    60s
    5.10.A: Organisms and Environments
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  • Q19
    A prickly pear cactus is shown below. The roots of the prickly pear cactus spread out in a wide underground network. How does this type of root system benefit a prickly pear cactus?
    Question Image
    By capturing sunlight and getting rid of waste materials
    By absorbing water and supporting the plant in loose, sandy soil
    By releasing nutrients into the sandy soil and taking in oxygen
    By producing fruit and storing water
    60s
    5.9.A: Organisms and Environments
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  • Q20
    Prairie dogs eat plants and dig underground tunnels. Prairie dog tunnels help break up hard prairie soils, and the animals’ waste adds nutrients to the soil. In the past, large groups of prairie dogs lived in many parts of the U.S. Great Plains, but people have destroyed most of these colonies. Which of these will most likely happen when prairie dogs are removed from an area?
    Question Image
    The number of underground tunnels will increase.
    The population of plants that prairie dogs eat will decrease.
    The nutrients in the soil will increase.
    The population of predators that eat prairie dogs will decrease.
    60s
    5.9.C: Organisms and Environments
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